Studying the material remains of past human life and activities may not seem important or exciting to the average Joe unlike the biological sciences.

But archaeology’s aim to understand mankind is a noble endeavor that goes beyond uncovering buried treasures, gathering information, and dating events.

Thus, on Flores there were only a small number of mammal and reptile species during the entire During the 1950s and 60s, a Dutch priest named Father Theodor Verhoeven lived and worked on Flores at a Catholic Seminary.

Verhoeven had a keen interest in archeology and had studied it at university.

Archaeology has undoubtedly enriched mankind’s history like no other science.

There is a greater part of man’s unwritten past that archaeology has managed to unravel.

Anthropologists can describe a people’s physical character, culture, and environmental and social relations.

Archaeologists, on the other hand, provide proof of authenticity of a certain artifact or debunk historical or anthropological findings.

Therefore some people started travelling from south to north.

Such northward migration continued for several centuries and finally when these people from south India reached the banks of Himalayan Rivers, they got climatic conditions conducive to long term development of civilization on the banks of these rivers providing security of water, food and shelter for a very long time.

However, during last 30-40 years, several new scientific tools and techniques have been developed, which are capable to determining the dates of any ancient events in scientific and precise manner.

For example: Multi-disciplinary scientific research reports, prepared during last three- four decades by making use of such scientific tools and techniques, were used for dating the events narrated in Valmiki Ramayan and resuts were amazing! Moon near the star Punar vasu (Pollux) in Gemini Constellation. This data was entered into the ‘Planetarium Gold’ software, the results indicated that this was exactly the location of planets/stars vis-à-vis zodiac constellations on the 10th of January noon time in the year 5114 BC if viewed from latitude/longitude of Ayodhya (25°N 81°E). By making use of software to convert solar calendar into lunar calendar, it was found that this date also happened to be the 9th day of Shukla Paksha in ‘Chaitra’ month and the time was around 12 to 1 noontime.

By that time, there had also been even more convincing discoveries of Homo erectus in China.